Substance Abuse

Where and How Drug Interaction Occurs?

Where and How Drug Interaction Occurs? It is usual for patients to receive a number of drugs at the same time. There are reports of getting 36 different drugs in one admission at John Hopkins Hospital in the United States. A researcher described this as a carrier bag syndrome. When a drug is administered, a response is obtained; if a second drug is given and the response to the first drug is altered, a drug interaction is said to have...

Breathing Disorder that Disrupts Sleep: a Major Cause of Road Accident

Breathing Disorder that Disrupts Sleep: a Major Cause of Road Accident Sleep apnea occurs in two main types: obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax, and central sleep apnea, which occurs when your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing. Additionally, some people have complex sleep apnea, which is a combination of both obstructive and central sleep apneas. Severe sleep apnea — a condition...

Hydrocarbon Toxicity

Hydrocarbon Toxicity Introduction Hydrocarbon (HC) is widely used in our community where they are found in homes, they provide power for vehicles, and are widely used in every industrial process. In developing nations, kerosene is implicated in more than 33% of pediatric poisonings. Proportionately more fatalities are associated with children younger than 5 years, who often accidentally ingest hydrocarbons (HCs) and...

Cough Syrup Containing Codeine: Problem and Solution

Cough Syrup Containing Codeine :Problem and Solution The February issue of PRN8099 has highlighted the importance of “Total War Against Dadah’. According to the statistical reports from the National Drug Agency, among the ‘dadah’ commonly consumed by addicts is cough preparations containing codeine. Codeine is chemically classified as an opiate. Both physical and psychological dependence can develop with chronic use of codeine, however potential...

Nicotiana Tabacum (Tobacco): A Cardiac Poison

Nicotiana Tabacum (Tobacco): A Cardiac Poison All parts are poisonous except die ripe seeds. The dried leaves (tambaku) contain one to eight percent of nicotine and are used in the form of smoke or snuff or chewed. The leaves contain active principles, which are the toxic alkaloids nicotine and anabasine (which are equally toxic); nornicotine (less toxic). Nicotine is a colorless, volatile, bitter, hygroscopic liquid alkaloid. It is used...

Coca Leaves: Its Source, Constituents and Uses

Coca Leaves: Its Source, Constituents and Uses Synonyms: Coca; Huanaco coca; Truxaillo coca; Java coca; Folia cocae. Biological Source : Coca or coca leaves have been described as the dried leaves of Erythroxylum coca Lam (Huanaco Coca) or of Erythroxylum truxillense Rusby (Truxilio Coca). Family: Erythroxylaceae. Geographical Source: Java, Sri Lanka, Bolivia, Peru, Indonesia and India. It is a shrub or small tree, pyramidal in shape, up to 6...

Cocaine Abuse, Its Effect and Management

Cocaine Abuse, Its Effect and Management It is obtained from the leaves of Erythroxylum coca, which grows in South America, India, Java, etc. It is a colorless, odorless, crystalline substance with bitter taste. It is used as local anesthetic. It is also known as coke, snow, - Cadillac and white lady. Crack is prepared by combining cocaine with baking soda and water, which is suitable for smoking. Action: It desensitizes the terminal...

Nicotine Patch, a Great Way for Cessation Smoking

Nicotine Patch, a Great Way for Cessation Smoking When you have a smoking habit, many things seem to go along with having a cigarette. These might include having a cup of coffee or an alcoholic drink, being stressed or worried, talking on the phone, driving, socializing with friends or wanting something to do with your hands. Reason for cessation smoking: Bad breath and stained teeth Bad smell in clothes and hair and on skin Lower athletic...