Advice and Education

Criteria for Rational Prescribing

Criteria for Rational Prescribing Rational prescribing should meet the certain criteria such as appropriate diagnosis, indication, drug, patient, dosage, duration, route of administration, information and monitoring : Appropriate diagnosis: To achieve correct diagnosis one has to depend on the clinical features and laboratory investigations Clinical feature is the most important criterion. For example, we can easily diagnose a...

Prevention of West Nile Virus

Prevention of West Nile Virus In light of the elevated risk of West Nile virus, local and state health officials are asking people to follow these precautions. There is no specific treatment for West Nile virus other than to treat symptoms. People who think they have West Nile virus infection are encouraged to contact their health-care provider. In 2007, there were six human cases of WNV in Massachusetts. While WNV can infect...

If Taking Vitamin D Supplement, Check your Parathyroid Hormone Level

If Taking Vitamin D Supplement, Check your Parathyroid Hormone Level Osteoporosis is much more common in women than in men. This is because women have less bone mass than men, tend to live longer and take in less calcium, and need the female hormone estrogen to keep their bones strong. If men live long enough, they are also at risk of getting osteoporosis later in life. Osteoporosis is a problem in which bones are less dense and more fragile and thus at greater...

Like Older Young Women Should be Aware of Symptoms of Heart Disease

Like Older Young Women Should be Aware of Symptoms of Heart Disease "Make every mother and child count" is the slogan for World Health Day 2005. It reflects the fact that the health of women and children is not yet a high enough priority for many governments and the international community.Overweight children are three to five times more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke before they reach the age of 65, warns the World Heart Federation, an NGO dedicated...

Factors Modifying The Dose and Actions of Drugs

Factors Modifying The Dose and Actions of Drugs The nature of the systemic effects of drugs depend on the amount of drug, route of its administration and amount of its absorption and the following other factors. Posology: The study of the dose is known as Posology. The dose is the amount of a drug which gives the desired therapeutic effect in average number i.e., 50% of patients (ED50) - The minimal dose is the smallest amount which has...

Sitting for Long Periods at Work Have Risk of Developing Blood Clots/Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Sitting for Long Periods at Work Have Risk of Developing Blood Clots/Deep Vein T DVT may occur when the blood moves through deep veins in your legs more slowly than normal or when there is some factor that makes your blood more likely to clot. When you are bedridden (after surgery, for example) or when you sit still for a long time (such as during a long plane flight, car ride,IT workers or call center workers), your blood moves more slowly. Blood pools in the larger veins of...

Pregnenolone: Scientific View and Its Outweigh Benefit

Pregnenolone: Scientific View and Its Outweigh Benefit Pregnenolone is often referred to as the “grandparent” of steroid hormones in mammals. Pregnenolone is made from cholesterol in the adrenal glands and to a lesser extent in the brain, liver, skin, testes and ovaries. Once synthesized, pregnenolone is converted to DHEA or to progesterone. Progesterone is used to make cortisol, aldosterone, androstenedione, estrogen, and testosterone. Pregnenolone...

Enteric/ Typhoid Fever: Progression, Diagnosis, Complication and Prevention

Enteric/ Typhoid Fever: Progression, Diagnosis, Complication and Prevention Enteric fever encompasses typhoid fever, caused by S. typhi, and paratyphoid fever, caused by S. paratyphi A, B, C. Enteric fever is endemic in the Indian subcontinent. Transmission is by fecal-oral route through contaminated water or food. Humans are the only natural reservoir of S. typhi. Multidrug resistance isolates are a present day problem in managing Enteric fever. The inoculum size...

Traditional Nsaid With Proton Pump Inhibitor is Better Than Even Newer Cox-2 Inhibitors for Patients With Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke

Traditional Nsaid With Proton Pump Inhibitor is Better Than Even Newer Cox-2 Inh Although individual reactions to particular NSAIDs vary, in general the efficacy of COX-2 inhibitors has proved similar to that of other NSAIDs, as expected since both classes of drug inhibit the desired target, the action of COX-2 prostaglandins. The drugs's effectiveness is similar to that of traditional NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, or naproxen. NSAIDs prevent the body from producing...

Super Bugs / Multiresistant / Antibiotic Resistant Strains Inside Hospital?

Super Bugs / Multiresistant / Antibiotic Resistant Strains Inside Hospital?  Some new strains of bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics. Each time we take antibiotics, the sensitive bacteria are killed, but resistant bacteria may be left to grow and multiply. These resistant bacteria can also be spread to others in the family and community.The antibiotic action is an environmental pressure; those bacteria which have a mutation allowing them to survive will live on...

Are you, your Kids and Pets Fully Safe from Christmas Holiday Plants / Flowers ?

Are you, your Kids and Pets Fully Safe from Christmas Holiday Plants / Flowers ? Holy cristmas day is just knocking the door.The holiday season has begun and all those wonderful holiday plants are arriving in local greenhouses, garden centers and retail stores.Holiday decorations often include flowers and shrubs. Unfortunately, while these items are pretty, many of the most popular are toxic to humans or pets.Cold weather and the holiday season can be hazardous to pets.It is...

Importance of Zinc for your Body Especially in the Neurons(Brain Cells)

Importance of Zinc for your Body Especially in the Neurons(Brain Cells) Zinc plays an important role in the proper functioning of the immune system in the body. It is an important trace mineral. This element is second only to iron in its concentration in the body.It is an essential element, necessary for sustaining all life. It is estimated that 3000 of the hundreds of thousands of proteins in the human body contain zinc prosthetic groups. In addition, there are over...