Contact Dermatitis By Jewelry, Perfume and Others

Contact Dermatitis By Jewelry, Perfume and Others

Contact dermatitis is an eczematous reaction due to an external agent. This agent can affect the skin by direct contact, by airborne contamination, or by ingestion. Skin changes that occur as a result to exposure to allergenic or irritant substances. Phototoxic dermatitis results when either an allergen or an irritant is activated by sunlight. In all types of contact dermatitis, only the superficial regions of the skin are affected. Upon examination of the affected tissue, inflammation is observed to be present in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin) and the outer dermis (the layer beneath the epidermis.


Irritant Contact Dermatitis (ICD)is common form of contact dermatitis, affecting around 1-2% of healthy Europeans (ESCD 2006), can be caused by either an acute or chronic exposure to a toxic insult. It is also referred to as non-allergic contact dermatitis.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD)is the manifestation of an allergic response caused by contact with a substance.By its allergic nature, this form is a hypersensitive reaction which is atypical within the population.

Photocontact Dermatitis (PCD),sometimes termed "photoaggrevated"(Bourke et al 2001)[10], and divided into two categories, phototoxic and photoallergic, PCD is the eczematous condition which is triggered by an interaction between an otherwise unharmful or less harmful substance on the skin and ultraviolet light (320-400nm UVA) (ESCD 2006), therefore manifesting itself only in regions where the sufferer has been exposed to such rays. Without the presence of these rays, the photosensitiser is not harmful. For this reason, this form of contact dermatitis is usually associated only with areas of skin which are left uncovered by clothing. The mechanism of action varies from toxin to toxin, but is usually due to the production of a photoproduct. Toxins which are associated with PCD include the psoralens. Psoralens are in fact used therapeutically for the treatment of psoriasis, eczema and vitiligo.

Contact dermatitis may even happen just after wearing new silver bracelet,new summer perfume and home products.

Contact dermatitis is easily remedied with antihistamines, cortisone-type creams and dry-skin lotions. If symptoms persist, a physician may need to issue a prescription.

Following are the top 10 causes of contact dermatitis recently identified by Mayo Clinic physicians:

You may also be interested in . . .

Comments

Post new comment

Similar

New Effective Combination Treatment (Rituximab With Intravenous Immune Globulin) for Pemphigus Vulgaris

New Effective Combination Treatment (Rituximab With Intravenous Immune Globulin) Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune blistering disease, which basically means that an individual's immune system starts reacting against his or her own tissue, most commonly inside the mouth. The

Skin Care for Men

Skin Care for Men Although most of the men do not like to take care of their skin, but it is recommended that at least they should follow some basic steps to make their skin healthy. Skin cell behavior would change

Protect Your Kids / Teenager's from Harmful Sun Expose by Community Motivation Programme

Protect Your Kids / Teenager's from Harmful Sun Expose by Community Motivation P The sun radiates light to the earth, and part of that light consists of invisible ultraviolet (UV) rays.But not all of the sun's rays are pleasing. Ultraviolet (UV) light, the invisible but intense

All Skin Moles are not Cancerous Melanoma

All Skin Moles are not Cancerous Melanoma Everyone is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Small amounts of UV radiation are beneficial to people, and play an essential role in the production of vitamin D. However,

Scabies: Sign & Symptoms and its Management

Scabies: Sign & Symptoms and its Management Definition: It is an infectious disease contagious in nature and caused by sarcoptes scabiei (it has got another name acarus) and characterized by follicular popular or vesicular eruption with

Dust Mites Might be Vulnerable to Protective Function of Skin

Dust Mites Might be Vulnerable to Protective Function of Skin Dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in Europe and Dermatophagoides farinae in North America), sometimes abbreviated by allergists to HDM, is a cosmopolitan guest in human habitation. The

Tips for Healthy Sunbathing

Tips for Healthy Sunbathing 1st Tip: Be aware of radiation. The number of skin cancer is increasing year by year. It is caused by intensive UV rays, which the sun sends on earth. Therefore one should realize oneself first once