Hair Care

Both your hair and nails are dead hardened skin forms that can be compared to the surface layer of your skin. Each hair grows from a follicle, which is a dividing cell that occurs in your skin. They naturally lose about 50 to 150 hairs each day, but the follicle remains. When they shed more hair than they can regrow, the result is baldness. Diseases that affect the hair are generally more of a cosmetic or psychological problem than a medical one.


Dandruff:

Dandruff is simply small flakes of dead skin scattered about on the scalp. You see results of dandruff when the scalp's skin cells grow abnormally fast. The two main causes of dandruff are a mild case of seborrheic eczema and psoriasis of the scalp. It is important to remember that if you have dandruff, the hairs are not affected and it does not jeopardize your health. However, it does become a problem and can be unattractive as well as embarrassing.

Treatment of Dandruff:

Self-help: There are many good anti-dandruff shampoos but make sure you get one that contains tar. Follow the instructions on the container and be sure to massage the shampoo gently into the scalp, and rinse well. You will need to use the shampoo several times, but within a few days to a week, you should see good results. Since the condition often reoccurs, you will need to continue to use the shampoo on a regular basis until the condition clears up.

Professional help: If the shampoo does not clear up the problem, you may want to talk to your physician who may prescribe a lotion containing a steroid. If your hair is jam-packed with thick dandruff and it sticks to your scalp, your physician may have to prescribe a special lotion containing salicylic acid or tar. By using the lotion as directed, it loosens the dead skin from your scalp and allows an anti-dandruff shampoo to work more effectively.

Baldness:

In most cases, baldness is a natural process and sometimes referred to as a part of "old aging." Hair loss is inherited in 95% of people. This is due to the genetic coding. In men it has a tendency to run on the mother's side of the family, but this is not always the case. Baldness usually starts at the front hairline and recedes while hair thins at the top of the head. In many men, as the balding stage progresses, these two areas meet and thinning may eventually occur over the whole scalp.

Hair loss creeps up on most women producing a slight loss of hair throughout their lifetime. Baldness and thinning of hair is a normal process but many people find it distressing. Most people do not realize that, on occasion, a woman's hair can thin about three months after she has a baby. This is a normal incident and the hair naturally grows back in the following weeks.

Causes of Baldness:

Treatment for Baldness:

A disease known as scleroderma will affect the skin and may destroy the hair follicles. In order to prevent patches of permanent baldness, the condition must be treated early. Another disease, alopecia areata, can cause complete hair loss but usually only causes patchy loss of hair. In this condition, round, bald patches appear suddenly on the scalp where the hair follicles are temporarily harmed. The exposed scalp may continue to grow a few fine white hairs.

In addition to the hair loss, the fingernails may become pitted. A more severe form of alopecia areata can cause permanent hair loss all over the entire body. But, the scalp baldness caused by this condition usually stops within a few months and the hair grows back. Your physician may advise you to wait for the body's natural recovery or may attempt to speed up the process by injecting steroids into the scalp. In most cases alopecia areata has a tendency to reappear.

Today, through a healthy diet and lifestyle and with modern drugs and treatments, they can fight hair diseases and baldness. While their ancestors had to accept hair loss, they can now do something about it and feel good about theirselves for doing so.

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