Measure your Teens Obesity /Extra Weight and Prevention

Measure your Teens Obesity /Extra Weight and Prevention

Childhood obesity is one of the most critical public health problems today and threatens to reverse the last half century’s gains in reducing cardiovascular (CVD) disease and death.'Our nation needs immediate action to prevent excess weight gain in all our children and to treat children and adolescents who are already overweight or at risk of developing obesity",told an expert of pediatrics and environmental health .


Results of several studies shown that abdominal obesity, in particular, has increased dramatically in U.S. kids and teens, especially in older teens. For kids and teens who are overweight, getting more physical activity and eating more vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products, and lean proteins may help reduce excess weight gain.Poor nutrition and physical inactivity together are the second leading cause of premature and preventable death ? after tobacco.

Obese children under three years of age without obese parents are at low risk for obesity in adulthood, but among older children, obesity is an increasingly important predictor of adult obesity, regardless of whether the parents are obese. Parental obesity more than doubles the risk of adult obesity among both obese and nonobese children under 10 years of age.

20.3% of Florida high school students reported eating 5 or more servings of fruits or vegetables each day during the past 7 days. 65.5 % of high school students reported watching TV for 2 or more hours on an average school day (pediatricians recommend no more than 1 to 2 hours per day) 32.8 % of high school students reported playing video games or using the computer for fun on an average school day.

One study in the Annals of Internal Medicine reports that teenage girls who are obese run a three-fold greater risk of premature death in middle age.

According to one survey, 10.3% of teenage girls and 6.9% of boys with chronic illness, such as diabetes or asthma, had an eating disorder. Some recent research suggests an endocrinological link between obesity, diabetes, and eating disorders.Binge eating (without purging) is most common in type 2 diabetes and, in fact, the obesity it causes may even trigger this diabetes in some people.

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fatness. It is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilogrammes by their height in metres squared.Obese children are likely to suffer from sleep apnea a breathing disorder that causes a brief interruption of breathing during sleep.

BMI Percent is the weight indicator used for children and teens. It is an indicator that compares calculated BMI to all other children of the same age and sex. For example, a child whose BMI is at the 50th percentile means that 50 percent of children of the same age and sex have a lower BMI. A child is at risk for overweight if his or her BMI is between the 85th and 95th percentile and is overweight if his or her BMI is greater than or equal to the 95th percentile.

A new analysis of a major study of childhood nutrition shows that early sexually-maturing girls are more likely than other girls to be obese, while in boys early developers are less likely to be obese than other males."This suggests that sexual maturity might have different biological influences on growth in weight and height in boys and girls," expert said. "During the growth process in boys, more energy may be devoted toward height than to the development of fat tissue, while early-maturing girls are more likely to store extra energy intake as fat tissue."

Study found that major race/ethnicity groups differ when it comes to the top three health concerns for children as well. While white adults list smoking, drug abuse and alcohol abuse at their top three concerns, black adults rate teen pregnancy, smoking and drug abuse, and Hispanic adults rank smoking, drug abuse and childhood obesity as the three major health problems for children.

For healthy children with normal blood pressure, prevention of obesity is thought to be the most important approach to maintain normal left ventricular mass. However, for children with established left ventricular hypertrophy.Researchers are urging more frequent blood pressure testing and weight assessment and, in some cases, an echocardiogram in teenagers. Both studies found that thickening of the heart walls -- called left ventricular hypertrophy -- is common in teens who have high blood pressure and obesity.

Preventive measure:

Obesity is also an issue fraught with emotion and a potential for stigmatization, making it extremely difficult to discuss with patients. Significant behavior change is required to prevent obesity and diabetes, both for patients and teens.Access food nutrition, goal-setting, physical activity, and encouraging a healthy lifestyle.

Teens who are most physically active and consume the most calories are the leanest, researchers said.The take-home message would be to encourage your child to do as much vigorous physical activity as possible, including at least one hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity on a daily basis.This allows your child to eat more calories, which encourages more healthy eating habits while remaining in energy balance.Make sure your kid gets outside during daylight hours. You could make it a policy in your family that unless the weather is bad, your children play outdoors after school. This encourages physical activity, and rules out the inactive pursuits of TV and other media.

The higher the concentration of poverty within a community, the fewer the supermarkets.One study found that children who lived in metropolitan areas where fruits and vegetables were relatively expensive gained significantly more weight than children who lived where fruits and vegetables were cheaper.

Television ads, the internet, games, and strategic product placement strongly influence children to prefer and request high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages. over 80 percent of food products aimed at children are of poor nutritional quality.

Recommendations for prevention of overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence include:

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