Chemical Using for Face Lift (Rhytidectomy) Cosmetic Surgery may Damage Skin Cells

Chemical Using for Face Lift (Rhytidectomy) Cosmetic Surgery may Damage Skin Cel

Sagging or wrinkled skin occurs naturally with increasing age. Folds and fat deposits appear around the neck, and deep flexion creases form between the nose and mouth. The jawline grows "jowly" and slack. Heredity, poor diet, smoking, or obesity may contribute to early or severe skin problems.


The face-lift procedure involves removing excess skin and fat in the lower face and neck and tightening the underlying muscle and connective tissue. The results typically last five to 10 years. Healing times can be lengthy after a face-lift. Bruising and swelling are usually evident for two to three weeks after surgery. A facelift can help repair some of the visible damage to skin, fat, and muscles and can restore a "younger" look. A facelift can be done alone or with nose reshaping , a forehead lift , or eyelid surgery.

Also known as Rhytidoplasty or Face Lift, this operation is designed to reduce sagging and wrinkling in the lower face and neck. It does not correct problems around the eyelids, at the corners of the mouth (unless a mid-face lift is used, but there still is no ideal nasolabial lift) or the creases at the lips. This operation may be chosen for one of two reasons: to help prevent the advancement of aging, i.e. to help relatively young individuals (40 and younger) to appear to stay young, or it may assist one who is already wrinkled or whose skin sags to appear younger and fresher. The amount of improvement depends upon the degree of wrinkling and sagging already present. If minimal, then changes may be subtle but the aging process appears markedly retarded. If the wrinkling and sagging is great, then the results can be very dramatic.

Activites such as smoking, sunbathing, outdoor activities, and stress can alter the appearance of the face. Additionally, as we age deep creases may form between the nose and mouth, the jawline may grow slack and sag, and folds and fat deposits may appear around the neck. A face lift can reduce these signs of aging, resulting in a firmer, fresher appearance.

While the patient is sleepy (sedated) and pain-free (local anesthesia) or deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia), the plastic surgeon makes incisions above the hairline at the temples, behind the earlobe, to the lower scalp.

The newest facelift techniques can lift, restore and rejuvenate the face and produce a more long lasting, youthful and natural appearance with fewer tell tale signs that surgery has been performed. The surgery is done in the operating room and typically takes 3 to 6 hours. Local anesthesia, local anesthesia with sedation, and general anesthesia are used depending on the patient's circumstances and the surgeon's preference. Recovery is limited by bruising and swelling, and varies depending on the technique used. Patients generally return to work in 1 to 4 weeks and are typically healed in 4 to 6 months. The complete healing process can encompass 9 to 12 months. Related procedures to rejuvenate other areas of the face are frequently performed in conjunction with facelifts, including forehead lifts, neck lifts, rhinoplasty (nose reshaping), and blepharoplasty (eye lifts).

A chemical used in using cosmetic products promising an "instant face lift" makes wrinkles disappear by damaging skin cells, Canadian researchers report.

"From our point of view the cells are altered. They stop dividing, they stop secreting, and after...24 hours a certain proportion of them die," Dr. Francois Marceau of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec told Reuters Health.

Marceau, a cell biologist, said he is reluctant to recommend that these products not be used, however, the findings make it clear that more research is needed on how these and similar products work. "I don't want to scare people," he added. "The risk is not probably very big, but in my opinion it hasn't been measured accurately."

Marceau and his team tested 2-dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) in cultured rabbit and human skin cells. As the researchers predicted, applying the product caused a massive and rapid swelling of the cells as they filled with DMAE and water, leading to a thickening of the epidermal layer. They also found that DMAE was toxic to the skin cells, halting cell division, inhibiting secretion, and killing some cells after 24 hours of exposure.

This "facelift in a jar" chemical is certainly safer than a real facelift, or botox injections, Marceau noted. Nevertheless, the fact that DMAE and other "cosmeceuticals," such as triethanolamine, aren't considered drugs means they are soled with very minimal information about how they work and their toxicity.

"We know far less for these chemicals than for any new drug that has been marketed in the last 30 years," Marceau said. "What I'd like to see is more science in this field." These chemicals should be treated as drugs, and many studies, such as of mode of action and toxicology, should be completed before it is marketed.

To best determine what is right for you, consult a plastic surgeon who is not only qualified and experienced in these procedures, but one who also has an artistic vision. The difference between a good facelift and great facelift is the difference between a plastic surgeon who can simply restore youth versus one who can visualize and create youthful beauty. This means a plastic surgeon must look at each feature individually as well as at the face as a whole. Then he or she can define what to correct, how much to correct and how it will all work together to make you look 10 or more years younger, without appearing like you've had facelift surgery.

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