Diabetes Skin Diseases Should be Monitored daily

Diabetes Skin Diseases Should be Monitored daily

More than two million Canadian have diabetes. Chronic or non healing wounds take an immense toll on American health and on health care systems. It particularly affects millions of patients with impaired mobility, as well as those with diabetes. Researchers believe that the body may actually “rob” the skin of moisture to compensate for high blood glucose.


The dermatologist advised that the skin can give early indicators of diabetes and even someone’s predisposition to the illness. Early detection and heightened awareness of diabetes and skin issues, Dr. Kapoor said, could prevent lower limb amputation, blindness and heart disease. Doctors are encouraging all of the diabetes patients to examine their feet at least daily and look for sores, breaks in the skin, calluses or rashes.

Internal disease processes are often associated with cutaneous manifestations. Such manifestations of diabetes include necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic thick skin and stiff joints, diabetic dermopathy, bullosis diabeticorum, cutaneous infections, scleredema adultorum, eruptive xanthomas, and cutaneous findings associated with vascular disease and autonomic neuropathy.

Blood flow to the skin of a normal foot can readily increase by 100 times if necessary, to conduct heat away from challenged areas. Impaired circulation and impaired endothelial dilatation (which are common in patients with diabetes) may make this increase in blood flow impossible, and the resultant burn may not cause pain if peripheral neuropathy is present.

Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial infections, fungal infections and itching. Recently study found that applying insulin directly to skin wounds significantly enhanced the healing process. Skin wounds in rats treated topically with insulin healed faster” surface cells in the epidermis covered the wound more quickly and cells in the dermis, the deeper part of the skin, were faster in rebuilding blood vessels.

Physicians should be aware of the fact that diabetes patients have an increased risk of common infections. The researchers found that compared to patients in the control group, the odds were significantly higher that both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients would develop infections of the respiratory tract, skin and mucous membranes and urinary tract. Diabetics' risk for recurring infection was also higher.

Experts suggesting an association between psoriasis and two potentially serious medical conditions – diabetes and atherosclerosis, also known as hardening of the arteries. They found a higher occurrence of diabetes and atherosclerosis in psoriasis patients compared to patients without psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by thick, red, scaly plaques that itch and sometimes bleed, causing considerable discomfort and emotional stress for patients.

About two thirds of young patients with type 1 diabetes may have skin disorders, some of which develop early in the course of the disease, according to study results published in the journal Diabetes Care.

While diabetes is known to be associated with a number of skin disorders, "there is a relative paucity of studies looking at the prevalence of skin changes in young patients with type 1 diabetes," Dr. Milos D. Pavlovic, of the Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia, and colleagues write. Skin problems usually develop after diabetes does, but they may also be the first sign or may even precede a diagnosis.

The team compared the presence and frequency of skin manifestations in 212 young patients with type 1 diabetes ranging in age from 2 to 22 years and 196 healthy subjects matched to the diabetics for age and other characteristics who served as controls.

Overall, 67 percent of diabetic patients had at least one skin disorder versus 26 percent of the control subjects. Active skin conditions that were considered to be associated with diabetes were observed in 38 percent.

Ichthyosis, dry patches of scaly skin, was seen in 22 percent of the diabetics compared with 3 percent of the controls. Rubeosis, abnormal growth of blood vessels causing red discoloration, occurred in 7.1 percent of diabetics and none of the controls. Fungal infections were observed in 4.7 percent of diabetic patients and 1.5 percent of controls.

The authors also note that the frequency of skin reactions to insulin therapy was fairly low, at 2.7 percent.

Based on the frequency and variety of skin diseases in these patients, Pavlovic's team suggests that a dermatologist should be included in the group of doctors who treat patients with type 1 diabetes.

Some of the most common skin conditions associated with diabetes are:

One of the most common difficulties a diabetic will experience with his or her feet involve toenails. Often a diabetic's toenails will grow in an irregular shape and if the patient has difficulty reaching his or her feet, it may be difficult to cut the nails properly. This can result in a fungal infection or skin irritation. So, they should always try to cut the nail straight across and gently file sharp corners with an emery board.

Similar

Awareness of Home Nebulizer User for Asthma Patient

Awareness of Home Nebulizer User for Asthma Patient Ella, 17, had to be hospitalized for her most recent asthma attack. Usually, when she first arrived at the hospital, she would be put on a nebulizer. But this time, the emergency room used an inhaler

Maternal Blood Test Might be A New, Safe Technique to Detect Birth Defects / Congenital Disorder

Maternal Blood Test Might be A New, Safe Technique to Detect Birth Defects /Cong Birth defects are defined as abnormalities of structure, function, or body metabolism that are present at birth. These abnormalities lead to mental or physical disabilities or are fatal. There are

For Children Vision Development, Breast-Feeding Milk Shown Better Than Formula

For Children Vision Development, Breast-Feeding Milk Shown Better Than Formula Pediatricians suggests that not all children are getting the same level of eye care - and that poor, uninsured, black and Hispanic children are getting the least. Children don't have to be able to

Candidiasis or Yeast Infection During Diabetics Boric Acid Vaginal Suppositories

Candidiasis / Yeast Infection During Diabetics Boric Acid Vaginal Suppositories The acidic balance of the vagina can be changed by your period (menstruation), pregnancy, diabetes, some antibiotics, birth control pills and steroids. Moisture and irritation of the vagina also seem

Chance of Developing Diabetes Due to Agricultural Pesticides During First-Trimester Pregnancy

Chance of Developing Diabetes Due to Agricultural Pesticides During First-Trimes Increasing concern over the environmental impacts of pesticide use, as evidenced by multilateral environmental agreements such as the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants,4 also

Kidney Cells (Podocyturia) in the Urine: a Better Predictor of Preeclampsia

Kidney Cells (Podocyturia) in the Urine: a Better Predictor of Preeclampsia (Pre)eclampsia [pregnancy-induced hypertension] is the third most important cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may start after 20 weeks gestation, but they are

Staying Time in The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) May be Reduced by Consultations

Staying Time in The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) May be Reduced by Consultations The aim of palliative care is to provide the best possible quality of life both for people approaching the end of life and for their families and carers. It is a holistic approach to care and support