Different Types of Psychiatric Disorders
Classification of Psychiatric Disorders:
1. 'Major' disorders (Psychosis):
i) Acute (Delirium)
ii) Chronic (Dementia)
i) Major depressive illness
2. ’Minor’ disorders:
a) Psychoneurosis: Anxiety, hysteria, obession, depressive and phobic neurosis.
b) Personality disorders: Obessional, schizoid, hysterical and sociopathic.
c) Alcoholism & drug dependency
d) Psychosexual disorders
e) Psychosomatic disorders
3. Mental handicap (mental retardation)
Know the different types of psychiatric disorders :
- Abnormal Personality : A personality with trait which deviate markedly from what is generally accepted as normal. This deviation is quantitative one.
- Absence : A temporary loss of consciousness due lo epilepsy with out any convulsive phenomena.
- Affect : A sudden accentuation of emotion, which is intense, does not last long and is often reactive.
- Affective disorder : illness in which the central symptom is disturbance of affect.
- Akathisia : An unpleasant feeling of restlessness accompanied by over activity which is produced by phenothiazine.
- Amnesia : A loss of memory.
- Anorexia nervosa : A complete loss of appetite in adolescent or young adult females,associate with over activity, the cessation of menstruation, and fine downy hair over the back.
- Anxiety : An unpleasant affective state with the expectation but not the certainity of something unpleasant happening.
- Anxiety state : A psychogenic reaction in which a normal person is reacting to severe stress or an abnormal person is reacting to mild stress. Marked anxiety may be presenting symptom in depression, in schizophrenia or in organic state.
- Aphasia : A central disorder of speech in which the necessary pathways to and from the brain are not disordered.
- Aphonia : Loss of ability to phonate, so that the subject can only whisper.
- Aura : A sensation or other psychological phenomena which occurs immediately before the onset of an epileptic fit.
- Autism : A turning away from reality and excessive indulgence in fantasy thinking.
- Belle Indifference : Bland indifference in the presence of a hysterical conversion reaction.
- Cataplexy : A sudden loss of all power of movement and loss of all muscle tone without loss of consciousness. This is often associated with narcolepsy.
- Catatonia : A variety of schizophrenia where the prominent symptom are disorder of motor behavior
- Delirium : An acute organic psychiatric state in which consciousness is changed in a dream like state.
- Delusion : An unshakeable false belief which is not shared by the patients educational, cultural and social background.
- Dementia : A permanent loss of intellectual functions due to coarse brain diseases.
- Depersonalization : The subjective experience of a change in the personality whereby it seems unable to make contact with the out side world.
- Derealization : The subjective experience of unreality of the environment, although the subject knows that it is real.
- Drug Addiction : A psychological or physical dependence on the effects of a drug, which leads to an overpowering need for the drug and to obtaining it by any means.
- Ecstasy : A state of exaltation which can be seen in epileptic, schizophrenia and in abnormal personality.
- Ego : Freud used this term for that part of the mind whose contents are potentially conscious and which balances the demand made by the real world the superego and the id.
- Hallucination : A hallucination is a percept experienced in the absence of an external stimulus to the sense organs, and with a similar quality to true percept. A hallucination is experienced as originating in the outside world (within one's own body) like a percept, and not with in the mind like imaginary.
- Illusion : Illusions are misperception in presence of external stimuli.
- Obsession: Obsessions are recurrent, persistence thoughts, impulses or images that enter the mind in spite the person's effort to resist it.
- Phobia : A phobia is a persistent irrational morbid fear of and wish to avoid a specific object, activity and situation. It occurs out of proportion of real danger.
- Fugue : A wandering state which may occurring in hysteria, depression and epilepsy.
- Id : The unorganized, instinctual, unconscious part of the mind.
- Primary delusion : A delusion which occurs all on a sudden, out of the blue, fully firm and convicted and which cannot be derived from some other events.
- Primary Gain : When a conflict is partly solved by the production of a hysterical conversion symptom there is some relief from anxiety, so that there is a primary gain from the hysterical illness.
- Psychogenic Reaction : A reaction of an individual to psychological trauma.
- Psychosomatic disorder : The disorder in which psychological factors appears to play an important part in producing and continuing the diseases.
- Reactive depression : A state of unhappiness which has occurs as a response of some psychological trauma.
- Stupor : A state of motor inactivity usually associated with mutism or diminished verbal response.
- Superego : The part of the mind which impose the moral censorship on the ego.
- Hypochondriasis : Excessive anxiety about one's health.
- Psychosis : States in which the patient loss contract with reality there is a tendency toward the more bizarre manifestation of psychiatric disturbances.
- Agoraphobia : Fear of going to an open space.