Different Types of Psychiatric Disorders

Different Types of Psychiatric Disorders

Classification of Psychiatric Disorders:

1. 'Major' disorders (Psychosis):

a) Organic:
i) Acute (Delirium)
ii) Chronic (Dementia)


b) Functional:
i) Major depressive illness
ii) Schizophrenia.

2. ’Minor’ disorders:

a) Psychoneurosis: Anxiety, hysteria, obession, depressive and phobic neurosis.
b) Personality disorders: Obessional, schizoid, hysterical and sociopathic.
c) Alcoholism & drug dependency
d) Psychosexual disorders
e) Psychosomatic disorders

3. Mental handicap (mental retardation)

Know the different types of psychiatric disorders :

  1. Abnormal Personality : A personality with trait which deviate markedly from what is generally accepted as normal. This deviation is quantitative one.
  2. Absence : A temporary loss of consciousness due lo epilepsy with out any convulsive phenomena.
  3. Affect : A sudden accentuation of emotion, which is intense, does not last long and is often reactive.
  4. Affective disorder : illness in which the central symptom is disturbance of affect.
  5. Akathisia : An unpleasant feeling of restlessness accompanied by over activity which is produced by phenothiazine.
  6. Amnesia : A loss of memory.
  7. Anorexia nervosa : A complete loss of appetite in adolescent or young adult females,associate with over activity, the cessation of menstruation, and fine downy hair over the back.
  8. Anxiety : An unpleasant affective state with the expectation but not the certainity of something unpleasant happening.
  9. Anxiety state : A psychogenic reaction in which a normal person is reacting to severe stress or an abnormal person is reacting to mild stress. Marked anxiety may be presenting symptom in depression, in schizophrenia or in organic state.
  10. Aphasia : A central disorder of speech in which the necessary pathways to and from the brain are not disordered.
  11. Aphonia : Loss of ability to phonate, so that the subject can only whisper.
  12. Aura : A sensation or other psychological phenomena which occurs immediately before the onset of an epileptic fit.
  13. Autism : A turning away from reality and excessive indulgence in fantasy thinking.
  14. Belle Indifference : Bland indifference in the presence of a hysterical conversion reaction.
  15. Cataplexy : A sudden loss of all power of movement and loss of all muscle tone without loss of consciousness. This is often associated with narcolepsy.
  16. Catatonia : A variety of schizophrenia where the prominent symptom are disorder of motor behavior
  17. Delirium : An acute organic psychiatric state in which consciousness is changed in a dream like state.
  18. Delusion : An unshakeable false belief which is not shared by the patients educational, cultural and social background.
  19. Dementia : A permanent loss of intellectual functions due to coarse brain diseases.
  20. Depersonalization : The subjective experience of a change in the personality whereby it seems unable to make contact with the out side world.
  21. Derealization : The subjective experience of unreality of the environment, although the subject knows that it is real.
  22. Drug Addiction : A psychological or physical dependence on the effects of a drug, which leads to an overpowering need for the drug and to obtaining it by any means.
  23. Ecstasy : A state of exaltation which can be seen in epileptic, schizophrenia and in abnormal personality.
  24. Ego : Freud used this term for that part of the mind whose contents are potentially conscious and which balances the demand made by the real world the superego and the id.
  25. Hallucination : A hallucination is a percept experienced in the absence of an external stimulus to the sense organs, and with a similar quality to true percept. A hallucination is experienced as originating in the outside world (within one's own body) like a percept, and not with in the mind like imaginary.
  26. Illusion : Illusions are misperception in presence of external stimuli.
  27. Obsession: Obsessions are recurrent, persistence thoughts, impulses or images that enter the mind in spite the person's effort to resist it.
  28. Phobia : A phobia is a persistent irrational morbid fear of and wish to avoid a specific object, activity and situation. It occurs out of proportion of real danger.
  29. Fugue : A wandering state which may occurring in hysteria, depression and epilepsy.
  30. Id : The unorganized, instinctual, unconscious part of the mind.
  31. Primary delusion : A delusion which occurs all on a sudden, out of the blue, fully firm and convicted and which cannot be derived from some other events.
  32. Primary Gain : When a conflict is partly solved by the production of a hysterical conversion symptom there is some relief from anxiety, so that there is a primary gain from the hysterical illness.
  33. Psychogenic Reaction : A reaction of an individual to psychological trauma.
  34. Psychosomatic disorder : The disorder in which psychological factors appears to play an important part in producing and continuing the diseases.
  35. Reactive depression : A state of unhappiness which has occurs as a response of some psychological trauma.
  36. Stupor : A state of motor inactivity usually associated with mutism or diminished verbal response.
  37. Superego : The part of the mind which impose the moral censorship on the ego.
  38. Hypochondriasis : Excessive anxiety about one's health.
  39. Psychosis : States in which the patient loss contract with reality there is a tendency toward the more bizarre manifestation of psychiatric disturbances.
  40. Agoraphobia : Fear of going to an open space.

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