Household Aerosol and Pump Spray Might be Harmful
“Aerosol product” means “aerosol product” as defined in 40 CFR §59.202, namely, “a product characterized by a pressurized spray system that dispenses product ingredients in aerosol form by means of a propellant (i.e., a liquefied or compressed gas that is used in whole or in part, such as a co-solvent, to expel a liquid or any other material from the same self-pressurized container or from a separate container or mechanically induced force. ‘Aerosol product’ does not include pump sprays”;
“Pump spray” means “pump spray” as defined in 40 CFR §59.202, namely, “a packaging system in which the product ingredients are expelled only while a pumping action is applied to a button, trigger, or other actuator. Pump spray product ingredients are not under pressure”. Pump-action sprays typically form droplets that are much larger than those from aerosol cans. These are less likely to reach the sensitive deep lung when inhaled." Cleaning spray blocks dropped in the cistern or left hangings under the rim are the most harmful, producing a microscopic spray of chemicals that can be easily inhaled with each flush.
Ex. such as pyrethroids; commonly used as pesticide also used in household situations include permethrin, resmethrin, tetramethrin, and allethrin. Both pyrethrin and pyrethroids are available in aerosol or pump spray form. Some common household chemicals that are known carcinogens include formaldehyde, phenols, benzene, and toluene. Formaldehyde can be found in room deodorizers, furniture polish, floor wax, and dishwashing detergents. New furniture and carpets can also outgas formaldehyde.
THE Air fresheners fragrance is often due to a combination of hundreds of undisclosed chemicals, many linked to allergic and asthmatic reactions, nausea, headaches and feelings of lethargy. Propellants in aerosols, such as butane, emit fine particles linked to inflammation of the lungs, liver damage and skin, eye, and throat irritation.
Many common household cleaning products contain chemicals that can have adverse health effects. These chemicals can cause cancer, irritate the lungs, interfere with the functioning of the liver and other organs, irritate the skin, or affect the reproductive system. Studies indicate that most Americans have common household cleaning chemicals in their blood and urine. The particles from the spray may have disrupted the function of the alveolar and bronchial tissue in the lungs and, by extension, oxygen and moisture exchange. This led to respiratory distress and, in severe cases, to accumulation of water in the lungs (pulmonary edemas).
Indoor air pollution results when man-made and natural chemicals, gases, particles, and other substances are produced or released in or near the home. These pollutants come from a variety of sources such as household cleaning products, wood or fuels that are burned, building materials and products, furnishings, paint strippers, pesticides, the soil under a house, and human activities. Some sources, like air fresheners, release pollutants almost continuously. Others, like unvented space heaters, produce pollutants occasionally or when they are used.
Household inhalants products like glues, paint thinners, dry cleaning fluids, gasoline, felt-tip marker fluid, correction fluid, hair spray, aerosol deodorants, and spray paint are breathed in directly from the original container. Inhalants make you feel giddy and confused, as if you were drunk. Long-time users get headaches, nosebleeds, and may suffer loss of hearing and sense of smell and the most likely of abused substances to cause severe toxic reaction and death. Using inhalants, even one time, can kill you.
Some of the most common poisons for children that you find in a kitchen are household cleaners, prescription medications, over-the-counter medications, and even vitamins, especially vitamins that contain iron. Other products that could be harmful are drain openers and spray cleaners. These products do not necessarily have to be swallowed to be poisonous. Drain openers can be caustic and burn the skin, while spray cleaners can be sprayed into the eye and face area accidentally and then be absorbed through mucus membranes.
The U.S. chemical specialties industry is a $50 billion industry employing more than a million people. The products provided by the chemical specialties industry include aerosol consumer products for such uses as personal care, household cleaning, laundry, pest control, and automotive maintenance. Aerosol consumer products are an important segment of this industry. Since the development of the aerosol packaging system during World War II, aerosol consumer product usage has advanced in the U.S. to nearly three billion aerosol products used each year and more than 1500 individual aerosol products.
“Health benefit product” means an antimicrobial product registered with the Environmental Protection Agency. For years, aerosol products contained chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, which were used as spray propellants. In 1978 the United States banned their use in commercial products due to its possible ozone layer disruption. However, that even the new generation of aerosols presents potential health hazards. Many of them contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs), a group of propellants and solvents that are highly flammable and contribute to smog; including pump sprays, perfumes, and hair gels.
Aerosols were formulated to be representative of three common aerosol product classifications; such as household cleaners, dusting aids, and disinfectants. The biggest danger of using an aerosol is inhaling the chemical spray. The spray's fine particles can penetrate deep into the lungs and are easily absorbed by the bloodstream, possibly causing a variety of health problems.
According to EPA community concern about the health effects of pests and pesticides is high. Focus groups with residents of low-income, urban neighborhoods in Northern Manhattan decided pest control should be one of three top neighborhood priorities. A street survey conducted in the same neighborhoods showed that more than 95 percent of residents interviewed considered cockroaches and household pesticides to be health hazards.
According to WHO recent trials in Pakistan and The Gambia have shown the impact of fly control (by space spraying) on the incidence of diarrhoeal diseases and trachoma, thus demonstrating the importance of new and sustainable means of fly control for disease prevention.
There have been some recent anecdotal reports that birds have died due to unexplained causes in homes in which plug-in air fresheners had recently been added. While a direct causal link cannot be made, it is recommended that birds not be exposed to fumes of any kind. Birds should be removed from a room before you use any type of spray cleaner.
Magic Nano was first sold in German supermarkets and discount stores in late March last year. It was recalled by the manufacturer, Kleinmann GmbH (a subsidiary of Illinois Tool Works) after BfR issued a product warning on March 31. Between March 27 and 30, 97 people who reportedly used the aerosol spray claimed to suffer from health problems from trouble breathing to six cases requiring hospital treatment in which water accumulated in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
EPA survey revealed that indoor air was two to five times more polluted than outdoor air. A study found widespread toxicity in common household dust. Seventy homes in seven states were sampled. Toxic compounds were found in every sample, including phthalates, alkylphenols, organotins and others.
In 1990, more than 4,000 toddlers under age four were admitted to hospital emergency rooms as a result of household cleaner-related injuries. That same year, 18,000 pesticide-related hospital emergency room admissions were reported with almost three-fourths for children age fourteen and under.
Long-term exposure to indoor pollution can result in lung cancer or damage to the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Young children are especially vulnerable to impaired lung function and respiratory infection.
Methylene chloride, the propellant used in many aerosol products, is carcinogenic. Some products containing methylene chloride have been pulled from the market, but the carcinogen continues to be found in many consumer products such as spray paint and stripper.
Most recent instance:
Using household cleaning sprays and spray air fresheners just once a week can increase your risk of developing asthma, new research suggests. Whether or not the cleaning products are a direct cause of asthma, or simply a trigger for people who already have the disease, isn't clear from this epidemiological study.
However, the European team involved in the study believes that spray cleaners can be a cause of new-onset asthma, because the people included in this study did not have asthma or asthma symptoms at the start of the study. The use of spray cleaners as little as once a week increased the risk of developing the respiratory ailment by nearly 50 percent, the researchers found.
"Cleaning sprays, especially air fresheners, furniture cleaners and glass cleaners, had a particularly strong effect. The risk of developing asthma increased with the frequency of cleaning and number of different sprays used, but on average was 30 to 50 percent higher in people regularly exposed to cleaning sprays than in others," said the study's lead author, Jan-Paul Zock, a research fellow at the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology at the Municipal Institute of Medical Research in Barcelona, Spain.
Results of the study were expected to be published in the issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. The most important thing consumers need to know, cautioned Zock, is that "cleaning sprays -- for sale in all supermarkets -- are not harmless, and their use may involve serious health risks."
Previous research has found an association between asthma and being employed as a professional cleaner. Other studies have also noted a link between respiratory symptoms and certain cleaning products, but Zock and his colleagues wanted to learn if typical household exposures to cleaning products would have any effect on the development of asthma.
Drawing on a 10-country database, called the European Community Respiratory Health Survey, the researchers identified more than 3,500 people without any history of asthma or asthma symptoms. All reported are being responsible for the cleaning of their homes.
After an average of close to nine years of follow-up, face-to-face interviews were conducted, and the study volunteers were asked about the types of cleaning products they used and how often they used them. They were also asked if they had been diagnosed by a physician as having asthma, or had been treated with asthma medications during the study period. The researchers also performed lung-function tests on the study volunteers.
Overall, 42 percent of the study volunteers reported using a spray cleaner at least once a week. Glass cleaning sprays were the most commonly used sprays, with about 22 percent reporting using them at least once a week. Liquid multi-purpose cleaners were also frequently used -- just over 83 percent said they used such a product at least once a week. However, the researchers didn't find any association between asthma and properly used liquid cleaners.
Weekly use of a spray cleaner increased the risk of having current asthma by 45 percent in women and 76 percent in men. Among those who used the cleaning sprays at least four days a week, the risk of asthma was more than doubled.
Zock said it's too soon to tell people to swear off spray cleaners altogether, but added, "Nevertheless, from the perspective of precaution, we may recommend to use sprays only when really necessary. In most cases, it is possible to replace the spray by non-spray cleaning liquids and to do the cleaning properly. If [sprays are] used, people can protect themselves by opening windows, avoiding the application near the breathing zone, and by using masks or other types of personal respiratory protection."
"Cleaning compounds are generally just tested to make sure that they don't kill people or cause cancer," noted Dr. David Rosenstreich, director of the division of allergy and immunology in the department of medicine at Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City.
"But, these products may not be safe for asthmatics to breathe in. And, if it's not safe for asthmatics, it's probably not safe for anyone else," he said. His advice: "Switch to liquid cleaning products rather than aerosols. If there's any difference in cleaning, it's a small sacrifice to be made in terms of protecting your respiratory health."
Zock did add one caveat, however. "Don't forget that old-fashioned liquid cleaning products can involve risks for respiratory disorders as well. The most notorious example is bleach, particularly when mixed with other cleaners -- something that should never be done."
In persons with chronic respiratory disease and especially asthma, the inhalation of pyrethrum /and inadequately purified pyrethrins/ might cause exacerbation of symptoms due to its sensitizing properties. Skin disease: Pyrethrum can cause dermatitis which may be allergic in nature. Persons with preexisting skin disorders may be more susceptible to the effects of this agent.
Injury to humans ... has most frequently resulted from allergic properties ... rather than ... direct toxicity. Although the allergy usually has been assoc with occupational or therapeutic contact, it is impossible to exclude the possibility of injury assoc with other kinds of exposure. Contact dermatitis is by far the most common. Storage of most aerosol containers in automobiles is not recommended, since during warm weather the interior of closed cans may exceed 130°F. This may cause the aerosol can to rupture and expel its contents.
Some household hazardous products will not become wastes if they are properly used and stored (such as paints or cleansers). Other types of household hazardous products will become wastes after use no matter how they are used or stored (such as motor oil, antifreeze, or propane cylinders which are not empty). If you are pregnant, avoid toxic chemical exposure as much as possible. Many toxic products have not been fully tested for their effects on the unborn.
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