Sleep Deprivation Lowers a Persons Morality
Sleep is more important than you may think. Maybe you can think of a time when you didn't get enough sleep. That heavy, groggy feeling is awful and, when you feel that way, you're not at your best. So if you're not too tired, let's talk about sleep.Researchers believe too little sleep can affect growth and your immune system - which keeps you from getting sick.
When your body doesn't have enough hours to rest, you may feel tired or cranky, or you may be unable to think clearly. You might have a hard time following directions, or you might have an argument with a friend over something really stupid. A school assignment that's normally easy may feel impossible, or you may feel clumsy playing your favorite sport or instrument.
We spend almost a third of our life sleeping, and good quality sleep is therefore essential to our health. Nevertheless, lifestyle and environmental factors are increasingly causing difficulties in sleeping among those who live in developed countries. A recent German study found that in the European Union countries alone, 20% of the population (80 million people) suffer from stress and sleep disorders that have a considerable influence on health.
Sleep disturbance is one of the most serious effects of environmental noise. Over 15% of primary school children complain that noise disturbs their sleep and up to 35% find it hard to get to sleep.Sleep disorders in adults; biological mechanisms through which sleep disorders affect the health of adults. Identification of environmental factors leading to clinical sleep disorders .
The main effects of sleep deprivation include physical effects (sleepiness, fatigue, hypertension) cognitive impairment (deterioration of performance, attention and motivation; diminishment of mental concentration and intellectual capacity and increase of the likelihood of accidents at work and during driving) and mental health complications. Inadequate rest impairs the ability to think, to handle stress, to maintain a healthy immune system, and to moderate emotions.
Maintained total sleep deprivation is fatal in some animal species.The day after a night of abnormal or poor sleep is, whatever the cause, a disturbed day. People can fall asleep at work, at school or when driving; feel tired; have concentration and vigilance detriments; have memory blanks; irritability; frustration; and have a higher probability of accidents or injury.
The acute and chronic sleep deprivation inherent in the traditional schedule caused a significant increase in attentional failures in interns working at night.Superimposed on the population effects are interindividual variations in the detrimental effects of sleep restriction. Nearly a quarter of the population,including night-shift workers and residents, is particularly sensitive to sleep loss. This sizable and unidentified proportion of the population may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of extended work shifts and chronic sleep restriction imposed during residency training, possibly unwittingly placing themselves and their patients at markedly increased risk for fatigue-related errors.
Women are twice as likely as men to have difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep.A number of factors may affect women’s sleep. Changes in hormonal levels, stress, illness, lifestyle, and sleep environment may impact sleep. Pregnancy- and menstrual-related hormonal fluctuations may affect sleep patterns, mood, and reaction to stress.
Short-term effects of sleep deprivation in school-age children appear to be manifested by daytime fatigue only; medium-term effects have been associated with daytime sleepiness and behaviour problems. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder has been suggested as a possible consequence of non-sleep among children.
Sleep deprivation affects myriad aspects of residents (called interns)’ lives. In observational studies, safety issues such as risk for automobile crashes have been related to prolonged work shifts. Issues of well-being such as mood, stress.and relationship-related stress have been linked to sleep deprivation, as have educational outcomes such as worse performance on simulated tasks and standardized tests.
Researchers analyzed data for 4,810 participants, who were between the ages of 32 and 86 years old. Among participants between the ages of 32 and 59 years, those who slept less than six hours a night had more than double the risk of high blood pressure than did those who slept more than six hours a night. This association was not significant in participants older than 59 years.
Sleep deprivation has been linked to psychosis.However, this is not a risk for most people, who merely experience hypnagogic or hypnopompic hallucinations, i.e. unusual sensory experiences or thoughts that appear during waking or drifting off to sleep. These are normal sleep phenomena and are not considered signs of psychosis.
Too little sleep makes tough moral decisions that much tougher, a new study suggests.
"Our results simply suggest that when sleep deprived, individuals appear to be selectively slower in their deliberations about moral personal dilemmas relative to other types of dilemmas," study author William D.S. Kilgore, of Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, said in a prepared statement.
Previous research found that sleep deprivation can harm a person's physical health and emotional well-being. This study, published in the March 1 issue of Sleep, concluded that lack of sleep also hinders the ability to integrate emotion and cognition to guide moral judgments.
The study included 26 healthy adults who were asked to judge the appropriateness of different responses to three types of moral dilemmas. They did this while fully rested and then did it again after they'd been awake for 53 hours.
When sleep-deprived, the study participants took much longer to respond to the moral dilemmas, suggesting that it was much more difficult for them to decide on a course of action compared to when they were fully rested.
The findings don't indicate that sleep deprivation actually lowers a person's moral standards, the researchers said.