Surgical Dressings

Surgical Dressings

A material used to protect a wound and to heal is called a surgical dressing. They serve various functions for the injured site. They remove wound exudates from the site, prevent infection, and give physical protection to the healing wound and mechanical support to the supporting tissues. A good quality of dressing should be durable, easy to handle, sterilized, formed from loose threads and fibers and it should not adhere to the granulating surface.


Surgical dressings are classified as:

  1. Primary wound dressings
  2. Absorbents
  3. Bandages
  4. Adhesive tapes and
  5. Protective.

1. Primary Wound Dressings:

Primary wound dressings are applied over the wound surface to absorb pus, mucus, blood, etc. They minimize maceration. Some dressings adhere to the wound surface and cause pain on removing them. Now nonadherent dressings are available such as petrolatum-impregnated gauge, viscose-gauze impregnated with a bland, hydrophilic oil-in-water emulsion or an absorbent pad faced with, a soft plastic film having openings, etc.

2. Absorbents :

Absorbent cotton is widely used to absorb wound secretions. Other absorbent materials are rayon wool, cotton wool, gauze pads,laparotomy sponges,sanitary napkins, disposable cleaners, eye pads, nursing pads, cotton up applications, etc. They are used in the shape of bolls or pads.

3. Bandages :

A bandage is a material which holds dressing at the required site, applies pressure or support an injured part or checks hemorrhage. The bandages may be elastic or non-elastic in nature.Common gauze roller bandage and muslin bandage rolls
are employee most frequently. Elastic bandages may be woven to form elastic bandage, crepe bandage and conforming bandage.

4. Adhesive Tapes:

Surgical adhesive tapes may be a rubber-based adhesive or an acrylate adhesive.Rubber adhesive tapes are cheap, superior and provide strength of backing .In case of operation or post-operation acrylate adhesive tapes are used to reduce skin trauma.

5. Protectives :

Protectives are employed to cover wet dressings, poultices and for retention of heat.They prevent the escape of moisture from the dressing. Some protectives are plastic -sheeting, rubber sheeting, waxed ;or WELL coated papers and plastic-coated papers.

Comments

Post new comment

Similar

Awareness of Home Nebulizer User for Asthma Patient

Awareness of Home Nebulizer User for Asthma Patient Ella, 17, had to be hospitalized for her most recent asthma attack. Usually, when she first arrived at the hospital, she would be put on a nebulizer. But this time, the emergency room used an inhaler

Maternal Blood Test Might be A New, Safe Technique to Detect Birth Defects / Congenital Disorder

Maternal Blood Test Might be A New, Safe Technique to Detect Birth Defects /Cong Birth defects are defined as abnormalities of structure, function, or body metabolism that are present at birth. These abnormalities lead to mental or physical disabilities or are fatal. There are

For Children Vision Development, Breast-Feeding Milk Shown Better Than Formula

For Children Vision Development, Breast-Feeding Milk Shown Better Than Formula Pediatricians suggests that not all children are getting the same level of eye care - and that poor, uninsured, black and Hispanic children are getting the least. Children don't have to be able to

Candidiasis or Yeast Infection During Diabetics Boric Acid Vaginal Suppositories

Candidiasis / Yeast Infection During Diabetics Boric Acid Vaginal Suppositories The acidic balance of the vagina can be changed by your period (menstruation), pregnancy, diabetes, some antibiotics, birth control pills and steroids. Moisture and irritation of the vagina also seem

Chance of Developing Diabetes Due to Agricultural Pesticides During First-Trimester Pregnancy

Chance of Developing Diabetes Due to Agricultural Pesticides During First-Trimes Increasing concern over the environmental impacts of pesticide use, as evidenced by multilateral environmental agreements such as the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants,4 also

Kidney Cells (Podocyturia) in the Urine: a Better Predictor of Preeclampsia

Kidney Cells (Podocyturia) in the Urine: a Better Predictor of Preeclampsia (Pre)eclampsia [pregnancy-induced hypertension] is the third most important cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may start after 20 weeks gestation, but they are

Staying Time in The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) May be Reduced by Consultations

Staying Time in The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) May be Reduced by Consultations The aim of palliative care is to provide the best possible quality of life both for people approaching the end of life and for their families and carers. It is a holistic approach to care and support