Walk to Prevent Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is among the most debilitating of all forms, causing joints to ache and throb and eventually become deformed. Sometimes these symptoms make even the simplest activities — such as opening a jar or taking a walk — difficult to manage.Unlike osteoarthritis, which results from wear and tear on your joints, rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition.RA is a systemic disease, often affecting extra-articular tissues throughout the body including the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs, and muscles. About 60% of RA patients are unable to work 10 years after the onset of their disease.
Your immune system uses antibodies to protect you against disease and infection. But if you have RA, your antibodies attack your joints by mistake. It can also affect other parts of your body, such as the linings of your heart and lungs.RA usually affects several joints at the same time, on both sides of your body. For example, both of your wrists may be painful and stiff. The hands, wrists, feet and knees are usually the first joints affected. Over time, it may also affect other joints, such as your jaw, shoulders or hips.There's no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But with proper treatment, a strategy for joint protection and changes in lifestyle, you can live a long, productive life with this condition.
The main difference between juvenile and adult rheumatoid arthritis is that many people with Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) outgrow the illness, while adults usually have lifelong symptoms. Studies estimate that by adulthood, JRA symptoms disappear in more than half of all affected children. Additionally, unlike rheumatoid arthritis in an adult, JRA may affect bone development as well as the child's growth.
In contrast to osteoarthritis, which affects only your bones and joints, rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation of tear glands, salivary glands, the linings of your heart and lungs, your lungs themselves and, in rare cases, your blood vessels.
Although rheumatoid arthritis is often a chronic disease, it tends to vary in severity and may even come and go. Periods of increased disease activity — called flare-ups or flares — alternate with periods of relative remission, during which the swelling, pain, difficulty sleeping, and weakness fade or disappear.
The incidence and prevalence of RA generally rises with increasing age until about age 70, then declines.Rheumatoid arthritis often appears first in early adulthood or middle age. However, sometimes it does not occur until the later years. There may be one single attack, but more often the condition is persistent. The disease cannot be cured, but medicine can reduce the degree of joint inflammation and damage.Early prescription of treatment can decrease and even stop articular destruction which is the principal factor of functional handicap in rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 1 in every 100 Americans. It is three times more common in women than in men.Women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a higher risk of heart attack compared with those without arthritis, according to a study.It would be prudent to consider aggressive cardiac preventive measures in patients with RA to address coronary heart disease risk factors,” study suggested.Dry eye is a common finding in Rheumatoid arthritis patient. Ophthalmological examination in these cases must be a routine to avoid ocular complications. Impression cytology is a useful tool in diagnosis and prognosis of dry eye.
In rheumatoid arthritis, there is a dramatic increase in the number of cells in the lining layer, and the sublining layer becomes infiltrated with inflammatory cells, including lymphocytes, macrophages, and mast cells. These cells produce cytokines that, together with locally produced autoantibodies, are thought to drive the chronic inflammatory process. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes contribute to the inflammatory milieu by producing cytokines and other inflammatory mediators.
Swelling and pain in the joints must occur for at least 6 weeks before a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is considered.In about 20% of people with RA, inflammation of small blood vessels can cause nodules, or lumps, under the skin. They are about the size of a pea or slightly larger, and are often located near the elbow, although they can show up anywhere.Symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and fever may accompany early rheumatoid arthritis. Some people describe them as being similar to those of a cold or flu except, of course, RA symptoms can last for years.
Rheumatoid arthritis generally occurs in a symmetrical pattern, meaning that if one knee or hand is involved, the other one also is. The disease often affects the wrist joints and the finger joints closest to the hand. It can also affect other parts of the body besides the joints.In addition, people with rheumatoid arthritis may have fatigue, occasional fevers, and a general sense of not feeling well.
But disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is significantly reduced during pregnancy, according to new data. In the study, RA improved significantly from the first trimester to the third trimester of the participants' pregnancy and this effect extended into the postpartum stage.
Agreement on the criteria for the inclusion of an individual as a case of RA has not been easily achieved. Early epidemiological studies included patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and ankylosing spondylitis. The problem in defining RA has been the lack of a distinct clinical, laboratory or radiological marker. It is important to distinguish RA from arthropathies such as anklosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis. At the other end of the spectrum, there is a need to exclude 'benign self-limiting polyarthritis' - the occurrence of a short-lived episode of inflammatory polyarthritis with no obvious cause that remits spontaneously without sequelae.
Contrary to previous reports, drinking four or more cups of coffee a day does not put women at risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a new study partially funded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS).During the past 20 years, significant changes in managing rheumatoid arthritis have taken place. New and more powerful drugs are standard, and treatment with these new drugs is more aggressive.
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis tend to walk less than other people, but their heart health would improve if they'd spent more time walking, according to a new report.Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior contribute to the risk of cardiovascular disease, the authors explain in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatism, but little is known about energy expenditure from lifestyle physical activity in arthritis patients.
"Given the markedly increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with RA, fostering prudent physical activity should be a priority in the overall plan to reduce cardiovascular risk," Dr. Carol A. Mancuso from Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York and associates write.
They compared energy expenditure from exercise and lifestyle activities between 122 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 122 healthy "controls" without arthritis.
At the start of the study, similar percentages of arthritis patients and controls met recommended thresholds for total weekly energy expenditure, the team found, but the proportion of patients with arthritis meeting the recommended threshold for walking (32 percent) was notably lower than controls (48 percent).
At follow-up an average of 14 months later, the researchers report, the picture was much the same.
"This study provides evidence that despite the fact that walking is an excellent lifestyle activity, it is markedly underutilized in rheumatoid arthritis patients," the authors conclude. "Our study supports the development and implementation of interventions to foster walking as part of a program to address cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients."